My neural network of #2030now -what's yours RSVP and


2030now tedx  1,01 1.02

Open Learning Campus

Youth Summits at:- ...

Partners in Publishing world record book of Job Creation




2030<End Poverty>1930


World Bank Millennials:


1984: millennials goals future



Africa Millennials - Idols, Dbanj & ...

Ethiopian : Value of Food 

& 5 billion elearning satellite yazmi,

Kenya: Ihub, Usha, IngridB, Mpesa, Nanocredit,

Maathai, Governance Ibrahim

Americas Millennials

Health Millennials

Media Lab MIT tech millennials:: Dlab

Cashless banking

1962 Rising JapanNext

!977 Rising ChinaNext

2005 Bangladesh Millennial Incubator

2015 first 20 years partners in bottom bn mobile leapfrog

Collaboration Blog Logs:

Millennials who save the world - 2030now

Twin capitals of Jobs Olympics youthcreativelab

30000 micrifranchises since 1984 project30000

Peace, Eco, & Open Soc

Atlanta 2015-2000 Rome

Gorb webs Warsaw & Budapest 2013

Grandad 1 The Economist's UG

Grade 13 delayed Keynes C Uni

Grade 13 Bangladesh WW2

Grade 7-12 end hitler & stalin

Futures from 1972 NETgen &

Entrepreneur R

76 Prodi, 78 Soros




Grade 7-11



Dad & Friends of Sir Fazle elearning web

Dad & Yunus - & top12 obs Creation Agents

Collab Cafe




Grade12 search

Uni of social value

Grandad 2 -Gandhi's last quarter of century:

Whole truth from 1906


Open Edu Truths:

S.Africa: Blecher & Mandela

Lucknow : Montessori & world citizen youths








Uni of women

Social Action 16






Count on Me

Uni of Catholic










Uni of Stars








my dad washington dc 1 301 881 1655 welcomes your suggestions by category -
he is helping people assemble moocs :  1 2  made up of training modules maximum of 12 minutes length that millions of youth can interact to create jobs and make the first net generation the most heroic, collaborative and productive time for youth worldwide. I am the third generation to be passionate about this since grandad and dad
first got involved with online education experiments in 1972 and developed the genre of entrepreneurial revolution in The Economist with purpose of wholly transforming systems design to the benefit of the net generation
Building on 41 years of valuing net generation's heroic goals, Norman Macrae Family Foundation partnering projects include  Discuss some joyful stories - eg 1 2 3 4


 My favorite Khans include

My favorite coursera include University of Melbourne -

Generating the Wealth of Nations

Apr 29th 2013
One of most timely courses of year -Foundation for Pro-Youth economics -one day examiners in separate subjects of history and economics will be told to go back to the drawing board- they could best start here- as our futures live in a boderless world, I feel very sorry for students who pay to be examined in anti-youth economics and history told from perspective of isolated nationhood

I am looking for curriculum that lives up to Obama's "bend the curve" on the affordability of healthcare -we are nowhere near liberating the knowledge the yes we can generation was promised back in 2008 but so far this is as good as I can find John Hopkins     Community Change in Public Health  - we are searching hard for people with 12 minutes insights which wish to collaborate especially as Grameen already hosts a real-space 3 year curriculum of free nursing

Have great expectations for Foundations of Virtual Instruction 30 sept 2013 Cindy Carbajal UC Irvine : Learn what it takes to teach a K-12 course online! Investigate the history of virtual education, explore innovative tools, and examine key issues related to K-12 virtual instruction.

My favorite yunus videos 5th grade inclue my favorite yunus videos up to 10th grade  my favorite yunus videos for all hi-trust leadersmy favorite videos by friends of sir fazle abed  my favorite videos of partners of taddy blechers free university in s africa

 my favorite videos of other job creating educators

JB training at JP Morgan

    Extract of Muhammad Yunus Vision 10th Skoll world championships April 2013



    When Khan stands up and talks about his Khan Academy, or I read about him or listen to his speeches- it always come to my mind: we won't need Oxford any more! - the whole world will be one big Oxford, we need only one global university --- the best!?!


    2012's Two pro-youth gamechangers in education


    • basic curricula can now be distributed to millions of youth simultaneously , free, online - the  model
    • youth can individually try out exercises online 365/24/7 - these are  designed by topic clusters as per a text book and are linked to training modules -  model


    please note exact tools, dynamics of both of these platforms and other platforms are changing very fast - for example khan's impact may vary from its basic free service to  swarming skype tutors by practice area around the content it has put up 365/24/7  . To keep uptodate, we offer a monthly newsletter tracking free online education's gamechangers . We also welcome collaboration around a "youtube tag" we call moocyunus

    A Good News Media 

    Join us in demanding Murdoch sponsors a brainstrust on pro-youth media before London Olympics - Youtube A1

    B 2010s Youths Most Productive Decade 

    Join us in demanding pro-youth economists - Youtube B1  

    Join schools empowering student competitions on community's most urgent needs and solutions 
    Norman Macrae Family Foundation usa 301 881 1655- enjoys helping people develop content for 9 year olds up on social business system design & Job Creation made famous by Bangaldeshi microcredits since 1976;
    We Create What We Want.
    We wanted to go to the moon, so we went there. 
    We achieve what we want to achieve. 
    We accept that poverty is part of human destiny. It’s not!
    We believe we can create a poverty-free world. 
    We need to invent ways to change our perspective.
    We can reconfigure our world if we can reconfigure our mindset. . 
    Social business will be a new kind of business, making a difference in the world.
    Human beings are a wonderful creation embodied with limitless human qualities and capabilities. 
    Entrepreneurs are not one-dimensional human beings, dedicated to maximizing profit. 
    They are multi-dimensional: political, emotional, social, spiritual, environmental.
    The desire to do great things for the world can be a powerful driving force
    Young people dream about creating a perfect world of their own.
    Social business will give them a challenge to make a difference by using their creative talent. 
    Let us join hands to unleash our energy and creativity. 
    Collectively, we can create a poverty-free world.” 
    Source :
    Summit is economics purpose to free people-...





    Exciting 2011 everyone! from our family foundations association

    rsvp skype chrismacraedc washington DC 1-301 881 1655 with your most exciting goal for 2020 or collaboration netgen project

    works in progress : mailing new journal of joyful economics from dr yunus to 3000 leaders and lots of youth before yunus testifies to congress (spring 2011) as genius microeconomist of global village decade, & in time to celebrate 40th birthday of Bangladesh 

    from 2011 corespondent registration is welcome at ; Thanks to all who sent good news from exciting event of 2010 

    Summit is economics purpose to free people-... DC20004 worldtrade centre: obama e-summit Monica Yunus NY10012

    Jamii Bora Kenya Nai 00202

    Some favourite netgen connections 1984-2010


    1984 netfuture

    www eco 1 2 3

    chris macrae family foundations skype chrismacraedc  DC 1-301 881 1655


    2010s Youth's Most Exciting Decade 

    Our family foundation is concerned with the net generation's most productive possibilities since 1976.  , and an association of FF, that specilises in 4 types of investment aimed at renewing youth economics and community building. Our 4 investment types:

    • SB100 by Muhammad Yunus (the pure Social Business model -greatest innovation in end poverty world & capable of mediating Global Grameen to be as central vision partner of Asia Pacific's Sustainability Open Sourcing Century 1976-2075 as Coke in American's consumption century (1876-1975). The world's favourite barnd for century depends on going as far as possible beyond zero-sum - Grameen's good fortune is to imprint a decade that can economically unite more youth dreams than coke could begin to imagine let alone realsie.   Since freedom as a new nation in early 1970s, Bangaldesh's SB maps have developed into number 1 collaboration entrepreneur nation with over 100 million youth and elders. Their priority with mobile tech is Job Creation solutions & transfering life critical social services from being powered over by state to empowered by healthy community building society.   Benchmarking quality and value multipliers around The SB model is pivotal to exciting 2010s be your focus: end poverty, create jobs or innovate most uniquely purposeful organistional networks - data reference
    • SB51-99 which are system designs also capable of sustaining the most purposfeul organisations and networks -data referwnce
    • Small gifts to people whose passion (eg MY) may convert into SB51-100 and change what youth heroises - techincal reference and
    • Prizes or parties that may change education or media or economics - we use the Norman Macrae Foundation -or any worldwide trusted microeconomist's surname of a citizen's youth has permission to do so.  


    SB100  .       18 meetings and 7 visits to Dhaka  - our family made a small social business investment ($1000)  in the entrepreneurial organisation led by Mrs Begum, a co-founder of Dr Yunus whose tenacious modesty is such that she tells me off when I call her the mother of mocrocredit- but who else is. Our investment purpose at Grameen Shikka scholarships for secondary schoolong of girls. All of our family are delighted to see how the social business of scholarships for girls now interfaces with such top 20 gols for 2010 as social business partnerships focused on end nurseless villages and plant peer to peer apprenticeship & job centres run by and for youth. Anyone who thinks the latter could only happen in Bangladesh really ought take a trip to Kenya's Jamii Bora, a system that Queen Sofia of Spain urges 50 s. hemisphere urban capitals with slums to test out now! help us map what other sbs can collaborative kenya can help change the world with
     SB51-99   We believe the most collaborative entrepreneurial revolution network of hubs designed round SB51-100 modeling can help dr yunus and all who want to make the 2010s exciting races to millennium goals come true.   Our 1984 STORYBOARDS of an internetworking world    Changing communications, and what makes people distant, bossy, etc  Changing national politics    Changing economics    Changing employment    Changing education 
     Gifts    New York : Sing for Hope- Arts Peace Corps founded by Opera Singers (eg Monica Yunus) -purpose= most relevant way artists & world citizens can mobilise after 9/11
     Prizes, parties   

     London Party : 16 Novemeber 2010, boardroom The Economist

    Glasgow Party : Independence Day July 4 - 500 people share in yunus 7th decade birthday wishes with special thanks to the principal of Glasgow University (and apologies for absence from principal of Glasgow Caledonian)

    Yunus Entrepreneurial Revolution Projects entrusted to Auld Alliance of Scotland and France


    Grameen Caledonian Nursing College - mission using free univesrity model ensure no village of 2020 is without a nurse- celebrate first professor of te social business union of microhealth & microcrredit

    Grameen Glasgow University Project - sample 3000 leaders with journal of job creating economics

     Grameen Glasgow Uni Project - open source a new curriculum of economics that every person should have access to before they have an account with an old debt-entrapment bank

    Glasgow Caledonian project - dialogue what changes of law are needed so that safe banking can network around Europe before the Euro collapses


    .Projects in Paris France Portal connecting 50000 youth entrepreneurs virtually and reunion of 3000 in paris annually- discuss most exciting subject - how to fundraise for youth's 20 most exciting goals for 2020

    Connect danone position in milk foods to micro-agriculture projects of all kinds needed to feed world's children; use influence of france to change EU agriculture where this policy has spun unintended hunger crises onto poorest peoples

    HEC business school- celebrate first social busienss professor of markets for the poor- interestingly HEC also situates Europe's leading brand professor whose mastermind subject is haute couture markets

    Involve royal familes across europe (eg luzembourg, spain, monaco) in fundraising for banks for the poor through the institution Grameen Credit Agricole

    Clean water for the world with Grameen Veolia

    Ask President Sarkozi how youth out of france can help him and everyone else join in 2010s most exciting decade

    Grandad would chuckle at the extreme microeconomics irony of being known after life as the unacknowledged giant; this is how dad explains such happiness to me

    every christmas I grew up through we had games party with family friends that ended with the pencil and paper game of consequences; we replayed that on dad's 85th birthday party at the royal automobile club in Saint James

    Optimistic Norman Macrae Met Joyous Muhammad Yunus NM said to MY MY said to NM

    They did ...

    The world said ...

    The consequence was ...

    and they left me & youth generation with a big question - what family foundations to invest micro amounts in so we all interconnect 2010s most exciting decade- come back to see my progress or lack - JOSB ..  egrameen


    The unacknowledged giant
    The unacknowledged giantPlayAdd to Playlist
    British Ambassador to Tokyo: changed the trade & investment links between Britain and Japan
    Financial Times: journalist who delighted in paradox with unrivaled ability to foresee the future
    Daily Telegraph: The Economist's internal spirit;  
     India Times - Prophet of Change ; New Statesman "entire career at The Economist" ; Matt Ridley - death of a great optimist
    London Times - subscription - journalist who changed minds and opened many more ; Pot-TEX : a giant of journalism
    Sweden's JanErik Larsson - people you never forget

    Among several ways in which global economics has become irrational bordering on insanity, the devaluation of the productive impacts families compound is obscene. There's barely an innovation that advanced the human that would exist without having been nurtured by family as society's deepest microcultural force for good. If you agree- or just want to debate these sentiments - please get in touch. (washington dc  301 881 1655   ) -Association of Family Foundations - skype chrismacraedc

     Why not support a yunus global assembly - macrae family proudly supports yunus glasgow-worldwide assemblies in any way we can 1 2

    Norman Macrae Family Foundation usa 301 881 1655- enjoys helping people develop content for 9 year olds up on social business system design & Job Creation made famous by Bangaldeshi microcredits since 1976;
    We Create What We Want.
    We wanted to go to the moon, so we went there. 
    We achieve what we want to achieve. 
    We accept that poverty is part of human destiny. It’s not!
    We believe we can create a poverty-free world. 
    We need to invent ways to change our perspective.
    We can reconfigure our world if we can reconfigure our mindset. . 
    Social business will be a new kind of business, making a difference in the world.
    Human beings are a wonderful creation embodied with limitless human qualities and capabilities. 
    Entrepreneurs are not one-dimensional human beings, dedicated to maximizing profit. 
    They are multi-dimensional: political, emotional, social, spiritual, environmental.
    The desire to do great things for the world can be a powerful driving force
    Young people dream about creating a perfect world of their own.
    Social business will give them a challenge to make a difference by using their creative talent. 
    Let us join hands to unleash our energy and creativity. 
    Collectively, we can create a poverty-free world.” 
    Source :
     we also try to record history's conflicts from the people's view before mass media deletes the inter-generation learning that peace could have mapped as we go from a nation state age to what ever 21st Century will sustainably or unsustainably spin 
    Please ask your parents to contact my dad if your parents or sisters and brothers can help my mission. Simple way to help -
    host a cafe debate 1 2 on why we 12 year-olds need is celebrations of change agents - thank you obama thank you for using your
    09 presidential awards to celebrate 16 humans worth communing around : Yunus & 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 -but why no FA 
    what's the most wondrous google you can ask us to put here - eg girl power
    Isabella writes: I officially started teenager networking, in search of hi-trust banks and other community sustaining stuff -  on Valentines Day 2010 though we started sponsoring micropublishing of world citizen guides including the first worldiwde directory of entrepreneurial hubs in 2007 and my grandad helped host a luncheon party the day after with dr yunus the day after my birthday in 2008 and an all day day-after- 69th birthday party with dr yunus in dhaka on 29 june 29 help us turn Yunus 69th birthday report into living document - wow a club for schools teaching microcrdit 

    .Murdoch OutFoxes mass media part 1




     IWM: born 69th birthday dialogue of dr yunus hosted by Sofia Bustamante       microeconomist - hope to see yuNus at

     IWM : yunus centre opened on dr yunus 69th birthday; celebration of all his networks achievements to and invitatations to survey goals for sustainainability's greatest games that can be played on gameboards of 12 Collaboration Partnering systems -each game's centre of gravitational governance is a MicroBanks of Social Business (invented 1983 by Bangladeshi Law). 100 Congressmen agreed with Microcreditsummit's Sam Daley Harris that the premier league of MicroBanks started 2010s with teams : Grameen (Bangla), BRAC (Bangla), Jamii Bora (Kenya)  yambassador -is also a yunus network emerging from a 69th birthday wish 

    YUQueenSofiaSpain IWM: Voted Favourite 21st C Place Leader my by teenager peers; has thrice committed everything a monarch can to make microcreditsummit the greatest networking process of sustainability's world 

     YUasa   IWM busy with prep for june29, 2009 celebration of dr yunus 69th birthday and one-day Yes We Can youth dialogue

    IWM: had argument with teachers today as to whether safebanks exist in US; one day kids will mark teachers exam cards; til then better pretend my mindset has been brainwashed

    IWM: if another man is to get a Nobel P , vote for Sam
    IWM: If I could have 3 Nobel P wishes: urgently one for Ingrid, one for Benedicte, and one for whichever woman does most to connect sustainability2012 

    IWM: If Grameen Foundation can be started on $6000 loan, there's hope for us family foundations yet

     IWM: hi gdad - oh lucky man - reading Indian economics corresspondence course as a teenager while waiting to navigate RAF planes out of Dhaka; married daughter of Sir KK Bar of London barrister who spent 25 years connecting round gandhi (from imprisoning him to writing up laws of India's Independence; The Economist's founder of entrepreneurial revolution networks 1976 - so why didn't Mirpur publish his 2008 xmas present to Dr Y in time for son of microcredit to connect

    IWM: UHU hope you met Yunus in Melbourne march 2010

    first entrepreneurial game for every teenager to be - open source gordon dryden, new zealand


    Archive Newer | Older

    Tuesday, November 24, 2009

    Grameen Shikkha Secondary Scholarships -open source property asserted by The Social Busienss Action Team - Q&A welcomed by team - chris.macrae


    For those able to offer approximately $1500 free loan over 5 years, this is one of the greatest opportunities. Keeping a village child in secondary school whose family would not otherwise be able to afford it will change her (75% of scholarships go to girls) or his life. Particularly since after secondary school, Grameen will offer an increasing number of free apprenticeships from nursing to solar energy technician –all making vital contributions to the country’s and the person’s development.


    Grameen Shikha projects come under the personal direction of the female co-founder of Grameen. I am not at all sure that microcredit as one of the most extraordinary womens empowerment movements ever would have been realised without Mrs Nurjahan Begum. She is one of our favourite sources in the world for social businesses concerned with job creation. This is probably the most widespread challenge for 21st century youth everywhere, and yet most schools and institutions for young people seem to offer little help.
    6:33 pm est 

    Saturday, November 21, 2009

    what kind of change agent do you want to be when you grow up? -rsvp to suggest a web where parents help kids go or answers    -dedication: To The Gandhi Family who run the world's favourite school 31000 children as a social business at Lucknow- the only school to have won an UNESCO peace award ; its founders believe what peace a kid understands entering teenager-hood is what peace she or he will multiply through life. Is there one school in your country that shares this curriculum vitae? - if so we would love to link it.   

  • Paul Komesaroff main host & Modjtaba Sadria are friends of mine since 2003; I am techinically still UK reporter for GRN. There is no deeper inter-citizens summit for conflict resolution that I know of in 15 years of searching  

  • chris macrae family foundation usa 301 881 1655

    .Entire Education in the world must be concerned with the affairs of the age i.e. Disunity

  • ·  Amman Jordan 14-17 Dec, 2009 The summit will be hosted by HRH Prince Hassan of Jordan.


  • Health-care and Medicine
    Conveners: Paul Komesaroff , GRN founder 2003, Professor of Medicine, Monash Uni
  • Learning and Education
    Conveners: Fazal Rizvi and Nedal Jayousi
  • Livelihoods and Money
    Conveners: Gavan Mooney
    Suresh Sundrum for the Foreign Aid sub-theme
    Modjtaba Sadria for the Microfinance sub-theme
  • ·  GRN 1  2004  Delhi
    Our chief guest Reddy, Minister of Broadcasting & nfo Tech
    Our convenors: ·  Paul Komesaroff  Dr. Kalyan Kumar Chakravarty, IGNCA and Senior Civil Servant Bhopal  Ganesh Devy - Bhasha Research for Nomads

    *The names of keynote speakers will be added to this list as they become confirmed.   
  • Alphonso Lingis (USA)

    Alphonso Lingis is professor of philosophy emeritus at the Pennsylvania State University.  He has published Excesses: Eros and Culture (1984), Libido: The French Existential Theories (1985). Phenomenological Explanations (1986), Deathbound Subjectivity (1989), The Community of Those Who Have Nothing in Common (1994), Abuses (1994), Foreign Bodies (1994), Sensation: Intelligibility in Sensibility (1995), The Imperative (1998), Dangerous Emotions (1999), Trust (2003), Body Modifications: Evolutions and Atavisms in Culture (2005), The First Person Singular (2007), and Violence and Splendor (2009).

    Carol Kidu (Papua New Guinea)

    Dame Carol Kidu is the first female cabinet minister in Papua New Guinea, serving as Minister for Community Development. Since assuming the role in 2002 she has radically changed the policy emphasis from minimal top-down service delivery to engaged community partnerships. She was made a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in January 2005. In 2007, the magazine Islands Business named her ‘Person of the Year. In 2009, she was made a knight of the Légion d'honneur by France, for ‘her dedication to helping women, young girls, children, the physically and mentally impaired and her commitment to fighting discrimination.

    Pat Anderson (Australia)

    Pat Anderson is an Alyawarre woman renowned nationally and internationally as a powerful advocate of disadvantaged people, with a particular focus on the health of Indigenous peoples of Australia. She was Chair of the National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation, the peak national Aboriginal health organisation. .

    Kushil Gunasekara (Sri Lanka)                          

    Kushil Gunasekera is head of the Foundation for Goodness, an NGO founded in 1999 that responded to the impact of the 2004 tsunami in Gunasekera's home village of Seenigama by building a model village with 30 innovative programs. These programs catered for all sections of the community, but with particular emphasis on the empowerment of children and youth. 

    Fernanda Borges (Timor Leste)

    Fernanda Borges is Founder and President of the Partido Unidade Nacional (PUN), Chair to the Committee on Constitutional Issues, Justice, Government Legislation Public Administration and Local Government and the leader of the Parliamentary Committee for Human Rights. Borges was appointed Minister of Finance in 2001 for the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor. Prior to this, she worked as an Economic Adviser, Head of Finance, Budget and Economic Affairs and Special Assistant to the Deputy Special Representative of the UN Secretary General, a Financial Adviser to the Right Reverend Bishop of Dili, and as a commercial banker in Sydney for ten years.

    Daniel E. Doyle (Jr). (USA)

    Dan Doyle was founder and is Executive Director of the Institute of International Sport, inaugurated in 1986. At the core of each Institute program is education and cultural awareness to enable future world leaders to design workable solutions. The first World Scholar-Athlete Games were held in 1993 at the University of Rhode Island, and brought together high school students from 108 countries for 12 days of competition and collaboration. Since then, the Institute has administered the World Scholar-Athlete Games in 1997, 2001 and 2006, drawing approximately 2,000 young people at each event, with representation from a total of 192 countries. Dan Doyle's most important project is the forthcoming Scholar-Athlete Games World Youth Peace Summit, which will be held in July 2011 in Connecticut, USA. The Summit, which will be held in conjunction with Doyle's Institute for International Sport's 25th Anniversary, will welcome approximately 25,000 individuals from virtually every country in the world, including thousands of graduates of past Scholar-Athlete Games. Participants will leave the Summit with specific training on how to initiate "Pathways to Peace" programs in their respective homelands.

    John Eales (Australia)

    John Eales AM is an Australian former rugby union player, businessman and author.  After a 10 year sporting career, including the last 6 as captain of the side, he retired from the Australian Rugby Union Team, The Wallabies, in 2001.  John is a founder of the Mettle Group, a firm specialising in leadership training, cultural development and structural change in organisations, which was purchased by Chandler Macleod in 2007.  He currently works across both those organisations. He also is a director of International Quarterback, a company specialising in sports management, the Sport Australia Hall of Fame, Lifehouse Cancer Centre in Sydney, and consults to BT Financial Group among other organisations. He is the author of two books, Learning from Legends Sport and Learning from Legends Business. John completed a Bachelor of Arts, majoring in Psychology, from the University of Queensland in 1991.

    Miguel Alvarez representing himself and Bishop Samuel Ruiz (Mexico)      

    Miguel Alvarez is a long-time activist, mediator and assistant to Bishop Ruiz. He has organized and led numerous social organizations throughout Mexico. Currently, he is President of SERPAZ (Services and Advice for Peace) and coordinates the organization Peace with Democracy. Bishop Samuel Ruiz of San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas, played a key role in brokering peace between the Zapatistas and the Mexican Government. For 50 years he has been very vocal in defending indigenous populations and human rights and calming conflicts in Central America.

    Modtjaba Sadria (Iran/UK)

    Professor Modjtaba Sadria coordinates a study group on Autonomy in Muslim Thought. Between 1989 and 2007 he was at the University of Tokyo, and Central University of Tokyo as Visiting Researcher and Professor, teaching and leading research on Japanese world outlook. His graduate studies were conducted in France and Canada in the fields of philosophy and cultural studies. He is a member of the Global Reconciliation Network and has been a member of the Master Jury and of the Steering Committee of the Aga Khan Award for Architecture. He was also a member of organizing committee of Kyoto International Cultural Forum (2002-2007). Dr Sadria's numerous publications include: Multiple Modernities in Muslim Societies (edited volume, 2009), ‘Hegemony, Ethics and Reconciliation’ in Pathways to Reconciliation (chapter in edited volume, 2008), Dialogical Views on Today’s World (2006),  Realism: Trap of International Relations (1996), Ainsi l’Arabie est Devenue Saoudite, l’Harmatten (1985).

    Ian Campbell (Australia)

    Ian Campbell, a physician and international health programme consultant, facilitates participatory design and evaluation of home and community based approaches to a range of health issues. He currently coordinates ‘Affirm Facilitation Associates’, a global community of practice connecting local faith-linked responses to HIV with change in health systems and organisations. Campbell was the Chief Medical Officer at The Salvation Army Chikankata Hospital in Zambia from 1983 to 1989. Since 1990 he has engaged with many partners worldwide, often with UN collaboration, to transfer concepts and practices relating to human capacity development in response to HIV and other health and life competence issues. Dragan Klaic (Netherlands)

    (Biography forthcoming) 

    Nanko van Buren (Brazil) (Biography forthcoming) Mohammed Shaheen (Palestine) (Biography forthcoming) Habbouba Aoun (Lebanon) (Biography forthcoming) Pam Christie (USA)(Biography forthcoming) Michelinos Zambylas (Cyprus) (Biography forthcoming) Amiya Bagchi (India) (Biography forthcoming) Nedal Jayousi (Palestine)(Biography forthcoming)

  •  Zabidi Hussin (Malaysia)

    Dr Zabidi-Hussin is currently a Professor of Paediatrics with special interest in Paediatric Neurology and Ethics Education, at the Universiti Sains Malaysia. He received his medical degree from the University of Newcastle -upon-Tyne England and subsequently had further postgraduate training in Paediatric Neurology in Sydney, Tokyo and Texas Children Hospital, USA. He was the former Dean of the School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia from 1999-2005 during which time he spearheaded the formal inclusion of Ethics Education, Communication Skills and Personality Development into the medical curriculum. Since then the University had continue to improve aspects of ethics in medical education especially in the area of cross cultural ethics. He was appointed Visiting Academic to the Centre for Ethics in Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne Australia in 2008 and had played active role in promoting ethics education at various national and international platforms. He is a member of the founding committee of Malaysian Bioethics Commission formed in 2009 and had participated in international ethics conference such as the recent Ethics and Clinical Setting Congress involving Indonesian Medical Schools with participation from University of Washington, held in Jogjakarta, Indonesia. His most recent write up is entitled MERCI - A Useful Systematic 'Aide Memoir 'for Clinicians in Teaching Ethics due for publication in Medical Education Journal.

    Elias Chacour (Israel)(Biography forthcoming) Tim King (USA)(Biography forthcoming) Ed Smith (UK)

  • GRN

    Goes back through history, cultures, religins- how nations drew lines boundaries because they had opposite identities but often did so in ways that only later became clear they were ecological nonsense –  how rivers flow is one example of ways one natin comes hoistage to another


    has very deep medical experts – now extraordinarily useful to comnnect with yunus- when I last was at GEN in Delhi I didnt have a way to connecty medical expwrts


    makes it clear that ad age is wiping our cultural memory – intergenerational stories we used to tell in odd thnings like nursery rhymes or dance or thatre  used to be way 2 cultures could laugh or learn from each other; commercial tv has 0% coverage of such content


    is in effect the deepest network because it has found people from every country that is not at peace who are able to report their own culture’s mistakes- only a very few people are brave enough to do that and only GRN is their meeting space

    Ashis Nandy is an example he calculates governemnts killed over a many hundres of million of their own people in 20th C and this is exponentially rising

    Ashis Nandy

    [Published in Sarai Reader, no. 2 (2002), pp. 14-21.]

    For a commentary, see Vinay Lal, “Partitioned Selves, Partitioned Pasts”, on this website.
    Independence did not come to South Asia as a single, identifiable event in 1947, though that is way most South Asians like to remember it. The slow, painful process of dismantling British India began with the great Calcutta riots and ended with the genocide in Punjab.
    I was nine in 1946 and relatively new to Calcutta. Even at that age I could sense that the people around me had had enough of ‘shock’ and trauma. First, there had been the fear of Japanese bombing in the last days of the war, which had taken my mother, my younger brother and myself to a quieter city in the nearby state of Bihar, while my father had stayed back to work at Calcutta. The bombing was nothing to write home about, but it created tremendous panic all around and there was an exodus from Calcutta. Now we were back at the city, the war was over, and freedom was round the corner. But for a small outbreak of plague in 1946, Calcutta was limping back to normal.
    Then there was the famine of 1942, precipitated by British war-time policies. Its memory was still fresh and Calcutta wore the scars of it. People no longer died of hunger in public view, but begging and fighting for food with street dogs near garbage bins was not uncommon. The memory of thousands of people slowly dying of hunger, without any resist¬ance or violence, often in front of shops full of edibles, was still fresh in the minds of the Calcuttans. Most victims were peasants, many of them Muslims. They died without ransack¬ing a single grocery, restaurant or sweetmeat shop. Whoever thought they would fight like tigers when it came to religious nationalism? A religious massacre was the last thing we were prepared for.
    My father was a secretary of Calcutta YMCA and we stayed in a YMCA campus that had enormous lawns. Right in front of the building was a slum of poor non-Bengali Muslims from UP and Bihar, part of the large immigrant work force that kept the Bengali city alive. Everyone used to call them upcountry Muslims then. We could look into the households in the slum from our third floor apartment windows and see housewives cooking their meals and children playing. Beyond the slum were a couple of lower-middle and middle-middle class Bengali Hindu localities and, beyond them, another large slum of upcountry Muslims, Raja Bazaar. But unlike the next-door slum—modest, nameless—that slum was notorious as a den of criminals. In our slum, we used to know many of the residents by face. Some of the welfare work of the YMCA were meant for them and that also made them obsequious and friendly.

    As the tough negotiations for transfer of power began to heat up and communalise the political atmosphere, in front of our eyes the slum dwellers turned into active supporters of the Muslim League. They began to fly the green flag of the party and, some¬times, take out small processions accompanied by much frenzied drum beating . Many of the enthusiasts were middle aged and looked very poor and inno¬cuous in their tattered clothes, even while shouting aggressive, martial slogans. Their new-found politics did not change our distant but friendly social equation with them. We, the child¬ren, were not afraid of them, and when we teased them, they smiled. They would passionately shout their slogans and we the kids would reply in our tinny voices: Kanme bidi, muhme pan, Ladke lenge Pakistan. In any case, their fierce slogans seemed totally incongruous with their betel-nut chewing, easy style.
    On August 16, our domestic help told my mother that while walking to our place through the slum, she had seen some of the residents assembling and sharpen¬ing knives and sticks. As this was not as uncommon sight during Mohurram, she felt they were preparing for some religious procession. She did not even know that the Muslim League had declared a Direct Action Day in support of its demand for Pakistan. No one took the declaration seriously till, suddenly in late morning, before our unbelieving eyes, Calcutta exploded. Mobs that had collected in front of the slum began to beat up Hindus; in the distance we could see houses being set on fire and looted. That was my first exposure to the politics of slums in South Asia and rioting as a crucial component of that politics.
    The YMCA building had a high wall separating it from the middle-class Hindu localities to its right. The workers at the YMCA—gardeners, guards, cooks, both Hindus and Muslims--quickly put up ladders there and brought in the frightened resi¬dents. In no time, there were about 200 families on the lawns. The main door of the building was closed. That effective¬ly contained violence in the immediate neigh¬bour¬hood. But the streets belonged to the mobs. I could see in the mobs familiar faces, now trying to look very heroic. But they also seemed to have found a chance to give petty greed a new ideological packaging and a new, a more ambitious range. They would beat up the Hindu passers-by, depriving them of their money and watches and, in one or two cases, even knifing them.
    The radio worsened things. Being govern¬ment-controlled, it gave censored news. Though even that was fearsome, few believed what they heard. They relied on even more fear¬some rumours, specially since, in other respects, the information given over the radio did not fit what they themselves were seeing. These rumours further intimidated the residents of mixed localities, and minorities began to move out of them, ghettoising the city even more. We also found the police openly partisan.
    Within two or three days the Hindus had organised themselves and begun to counter-attack. Earlier they were a majority but only theoretically. Thanks to the riots, they began to see themselves as part of a larger formation and, for the first time, we were treated to the spectacle of a Hindu nation emerging in Calcutta. The lower caste musclemen and the criminal elements, apart from castes with low-status vocations such as butchers, blacksmiths and fishermen, and even up-country Hindus, Sikhs and Nepali Gurkhas, previously consider¬ed social out¬casts or outsiders, became the heroic protect¬ors of middle-class, seden¬tary, upper-caste Bengali Hindus. What the Hindu national¬ists could not do over the previous one hun¬dred years, the Direct Action Day had done. Many years later, when I read that inter¬national wars created nations, it did not sound a cliché. I knew exactly what it meant.
    There was a neighbourhood football club, Badurbagan Sporting Club, which occasion¬al¬ly used to visit the YMCA to play friendly matches with us. Usually it was football, but sometimes cricket and basketball, too. They always were a much better team and defeated us virtually every time, except in basketball. We had a natural advantage in basketball, because they did not play it much. But they were also an exceedingly friendly lot and we used to love their company. The members were mostly in their teens and they all belong¬ed to the Hindu neighbourhood diagonally opposite our home and sandwiched between two non-Bengali-speaking Muslim communities. The riots turned the club into a new kind of formation. They became the protectors of their community and some of them openly and proudly turned into killers. The community, too, began to look at them as self-sacrificing heroes.
    Such new heroes mushroomed all over Calcutta, The reprisals they visited on the Muslims was savage. We saw an old Muslim driving a horse-drawn carriage being literally stoned to death. It was a devas¬tating experience. Even when such gory events did not take place, we were not allowed to forget the riots. I remember that for days an old woman sat every day for hours on the footpath in front of our home and cried for her son who had died in the violence. The YMCA building now had to house, on another floor, a huge number of Muslim families. Strangely, there was no hostility between the communities within the building, among either the riot victims or those serving them.
    My father, showed remarkable courage all through those days. A couple of times he even faced was threatened with death. Twice, he was shot at, once when he had aggres¬sive¬ly asked the police to be firmer with the rioters. Indian police had not yet been toughened up by their en¬coun¬ters with militants of all hues and could still be relied upon to miss.
    The family, however, was traumatised. The bloodshed and the cruelty affected everyone, but above all my father and younger brother Manish. They did not eat for days and were visibly depressed. My mother proved sturdier. She cried a lot but also kept life going. On the other hand, when my father fell seriously ill after a few weeks, the doctors diagnosed the illness as induced by that depression.
    Ours was not the only family so affected. We were Christians and could perhaps, to that extent, take a slightly more distant, non-partisan, moral position. But our names did not give any clue to our faith and my parents used to be very nervous when we brothers walked to our school just round the corner. Later on, when I heard accounts of the riots from my friends, they sounded roughly similar. Only most of them sounded terribly partisan. They claimed on behalf of their newly-defined community, simultaneously and incongruously, that they were the worst victims as well as the clear victors in the battle of faiths.

    The riots would not have stopped easily in Calcutta but for Mohandas Karam¬chand Gandhi. He undertook a fast unto death in one of the worse-affected localities of the city. No one thought the fast would work. Some of our elders in school were openly sarcastic. But it did work. In fact, it electrified the city. The detractors, of course, conti¬nued to say that had he not fasted, the Muslims would have been taught a tougher lesson. But even they were silenced by the turn of events.
    One person who moved closer to Gandhi at the time was H. S. Suhrawardy, leader of the Muslim League and Chief Minister of Bengal. In many ways, he had precipitated the riots, not perhaps because he want¬ed a blood bath, but because his consti¬tuency was mainly immigrant non-Bengali labourers, the lower-middle classes, and the lumpen proletariat. This support-base was a potent political force but always volatile and uncontrol¬lable, always waiting to be hijacked for violent causes. Suhrawardy had to depend on them and on his populist and dema¬gogic skills because he was an aristo¬cratic, Urdu-speaking Bengali leader coming from an illustrious, cultivated family that had no knowledge of the predomi¬nant¬ly peasant community of Bengali Muslims. His credentials for being a leader of Bengali Muslims were never foolproof. Bengalis may not like this, but he had picked up some of his mobili¬sa¬tional strategies from the mili¬tant nationalist leader and Bengal’s mythic hero, Subhash Chandra Bose. My suspicion is that he wanted a controlled mayhem, to show his political power to the British authorities, the Indian National Congress, and the Muslim League leadership. It turned out to be a full-scale massacre.
    Suhrawardy, however, was a man of courage. Journalist Nikhil Chakravarty once told me how, once he joined Gandhi's peace effort, Suhrawardy confronted rioting mobs unarmed and single-handed in his distinctive patriarchal style. I remem¬ber him visiting our place once or twice to meet my father who also was a part of the peace effort.
    Just when the riots began to subside, came in reports of communal violence from East Bengal. Once again, rumours and hear-says made matters worse. Whatever sem¬blance of sanity had survived the Calcutta massacre, disappeared after the stories of Noakhali and Sylhet reached other parts of eastern India. Calcutta was too tired to react, but parts of Bihar did.
    Looking back, Calcutta riots reconfirmed that while the poor as a class may not be prone to bigotry, urban slums are often the first to embrace compensatory or defensive ideas of a generic community offered by fanatics and demagogues. The slums are the natural bastions of people with broken community ties and nostalgic memories about faith grounded in such ties. When they develop new loyalties in the cities, there is touch desperation in these loyalties and a different kind of ardour associated with them. These new loyalties are, then, systematically endorsed by fearful, prosperous members of the same community, themselves unwilling to risk their lives, but willing to fight for their faith to the last slum dweller.

    The great Calcutta riots, everything said, could not match the communal carnage in Punjab. The eastern Indians were not martial enough to push things to their logical conclusion. After the first few frenzied days, the battle of faiths in Calcutta took the shape of communal riots one sees in South Asia nowadays. It became a dirty war of attrition in which the slums and the criminal gangs began to play an increas¬ingly larger role. Stabbing an unaware member of the other community became the preferred mode of warfare. I still remember the widowed mother of two teenaged school children who were Calcutta being an impersonal, diverse city, there was lesser scope there for neighbours turning against neighbours as happened in Punjab. (Though even in Punjab, we are now finding out in the course of a study, the breakdown of neighbourhoods and communities was not complete as many previously suspected.)
    In Punjab, communal violence reached the interstices of the villages society, some¬thing that had happened in Bengal only in pockets, in places like Noakhali. There is now enough evi¬dence to show that while the frame¬work of violence in both Bengal and in Punjab was supplied by religious nationalism, it allowed enough play for various forms of anomic and psychopathic behaviour. In many instances, old foes settled scores and greedy relatives exploited their own families.
    Once the Punjab violence begun, all other instances of violence paled into insignificance. The violence in Bengal and Bihar were brutal, but it had taken place partly outside span of vision of the media and middle-class consciousness. The up¬heaval in Punjab—with its forty-mile long caravans, thousands of abducted women, spectacular self-destructiveness, and large-scale ethnic cleansing—was something for the whole world to see. Urvashi Butalia, a feminist publisher who herself belongs to an affected family, has recently described, in painful detail, instances of self-destruction that would have done credit to hardened Samurais.
    Gandhi’s India had dominated the news channels for more than two decades during India’s struggle for freedom. Now, that freedom was being born in a blood bath that retro¬spectively justified the imperial theory of the likes of Winston Churchill who believed that India, left to itself, will dissolve in anarchy and violence.
    On a conservative estimate, half a million died in Punjab, another half a million in Bengal; ten million were uprooted. But the victims did not find a voice in even some of the most sensitive writers of their community. In Bengal, one of the two main kill¬ing fields, there is only a defensive, nostalgic return to the idea of less violent, ecumenical East Bengal. Except in a couple of films of Ritwik Ghatak--where the tragedy is recog¬nised but fitted in a rather pathetic, pre-war version of Marxism--there has been no effort to confront the depth of the tragedy. In Pakistan, the parti¬tion is offi¬cial¬ly seen as a victory and the uprooted as mohajirs, those who have left their home¬land for the sake of their faith. But even there few have actually talked of the sacrifice; it is seen as a ‘natural’ by-product of the division of spoils after the demise of British India.
    The only person to break through the massive wall of silence and capture something of the culture of violence, particularly the element of necrophilia that had crept into it, was Saadat Hassan Manto, a writer who had been for years a script writer for popular, commercial cinema at Bombay. In his bitter, self-mocking short stories one senses the true dynamics of the tragedy—the near-complete breakdown of communi¬ties and neighbourliness, the psychopathic and sadomasochistic components in the violence, and costs of violence paid not only by the victims but also by the perpetra¬tors.

    In the aftermath of the carnage, the millions of ordinary people caught in the hinges of history and pushed into new and, in many ways, strange countries, acquired a new identity. The 1940s introduced into the South Asian public life a new actor, the refugee—the uprooted, partly deracinated, embittered victim who knew suffering and had seen the transience of social ties, betrayal of friends, and the worst of human depravity, his own and that of others. Politics in South Asia was never to be the same again.
    The South Asian refugee, like refugees everywhere, retained and trans¬mitted to the next generation something of the personality and style of the exile. That personali¬ty and style has allowed forms of creativity of which only the psychologically homeless are capable. But they have also brought into the region’s public life the shrewd, ruthless entrepreneurship of robber barons and the politics of anomie.
    There is almost no systematic psychological study of survival and homelessness produced by the partition in South Asia. One of the very few available is a modest Ph. D. disserta¬tion turned into a book, Uprooting and Social Change, by an American socio¬logist, Stephen Keller. It suggests that those uprooted by the partition riots are not only more aggressive in their professional and public life, but also within their fami¬lies. They are more distrustful of others and, having a greater sense of invul¬nera¬bility, more willing to operate at the margin of law.
    Perhaps here lies a clue to the apparent success with which the Punjabi refugees, as com¬pared to their Bengali and Bihari counterparts, have picked up and re-arranged the fragments of their splintered lives, in India as well as Pakistan. They seem to fulfil all the psychological preconditions of the entrepre¬neurial person, as psycho¬logists like David C. McClelland used to define the personality type in the 1960s. The Bengalis in most cases had not seen the worst; for most of them, Noakhali was hearsay. The ex¬change of population in eastern India was a slow bleeding wound; it was not a one-time ethnic cleansing which affected each and every family. Half of the pre-Partition Hindu popula¬tion still remains in Bangla¬desh and in West Bengal the Muslim popula¬tion is now higher than what it was in pre-Partition days. On the other hand, the propor¬tion of Hindus and Sikhs in Pakistan’s Punjab and of Muslims in Indian Punjab is nearly zero today.

    South Asia has many things to celebrate fifty-five years after its de-colonisation. Strangely enough, one of them is the reasonable amity in which religious communities have lived in the region. Pakistan cannot take much credit for that, for after 1947, there is virtually no minority left in that country. But Bangladesh and India, despite all ups and downs, have not done too badly, despite the record of the partition riots. In India, where more data are available, this is easier to demon¬strate. The total number of persons killed in the country since independence is less than one-seventh of those killed in car accidents and one-twentieth of those killed urban crime in the United States during the period, a country which has one-third the population of India. Five months after the sensational destruction of the Babri mosque in 1992, by a party claiming to speak¬ on behalf of all Hindus, the party responsible for the destruction lost eight out of the nine State assembly seats in the district in which the mosque was located. All the consti¬tuencies had a majority of Hindu voters. A recent all-India survey shows that a majori¬ty of Hindus opposed that vandalism.
    But South Asia still seems unprepared to face the genocide that accompanied the birth of Independent states in the region. And these memories, disowned and carefully banished, regularly return to haunt the political culture of the South Asian societies. The past can be historicised and, thus, anaesthetised. But that is no guaran¬tee that it will not return, like Sigmund Freud’s unconscious, unless the new genera¬tions of South Asians are willing to painfully work through it. Partition violence cannot read only as a record of what some people did to others, for it is the repressed record of what the South Asians did to themselves. The region will have to learn to give that violence priority over even the moment of freedom, for only by ‘working through’ the memories of that violence can it acquire the right to celebrate its de-colonisation.

    See also on MANAS:
    Ashis Nandy Bibliography

    Ashis Nandy, Colloquially: excerpts from “The Defiance of Defiance and Liberation for the Victims of History: Ashis Nandy in Conversation with Vinay Lal”, in Dissenting Knowledges, Open Futures: The Multiple Selves and Strange Destinations of Ashis Nandy, ed. Vinay Lal (Delhi: Oxford, 2000)

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    this latest boardgame goes alongside education change mail we are going to read through -collaboration the new innovation advantage of microeconomic networks Year by year since 2005 WCBN & I have had a go at worldwide brand decoding yunus mindset of how YES 12 collaboration partners CAN multiply value eg 2006 Breakthrough - for first time in the world triangularisation of a
    • nobel world stages (2010s world's most famous heroes ain't tiger no more),
    • total corporate brand responsibility Grameen (ie Global Village) Danone
    •  Grameen Micro Social Business System Bank- 33 years of microeconomics franchises that compound 10 times more economic local/community exponentials of sustainable growth
    • compass121.jpg
      "Year by year since 2005" involves  a hidden expert way because part of WCBN 1995 book on global brand partnerships is very unpopular involving forbidden questions - our practice of world class brand system theory maps Your & Our minds as neural networks of identifiers that can be changed completely if someone puts one slogan in yours that is not in mine and which is central to how you parse everything; I am not saying its a precisely right explanation (indeed I prefer not to present such subliminal stuff  directly because as a Cambridge MA in statistics I dont want to spend my life arguing with psychologists as well as numbers men) - but in practice the busier peoples minds are the more it explains how their minds SET and why they hate unlearning- and one of our great problems as videoed at Yunus RAC lunch is that uk and usa macroeconomists would prefer to destroy sustainability of world than need to unlearn in front of masses). We can survey whether that’s the case of all economist shareholders or not as we have been since I requested help to do this at be the change 2005 The case for freeing global markets to transparently value sustainability and integrating as maths people do from details up not global standards downyunus puts it like this (red text) in his speech to india parliament earlier this month The social business is a non-loss, non-dividend company dedicated entirely to achieving a social goal.  (If your head knows this system design works it will never be the same again in how it manages or brands or action learn teamworks anything- the world's most purposeful organisational systems can be designed, innovated and collaboration partnered this way) The wonderful promise of social business makes it all the more important that we re-define and broaden our present economic framework.  We need a new way of thinking about economics that is not prone to creating series of crises; instead, it should be capable of ending the crises once for all.  Now is the time for bold and creative thinking—and we need to move fast, because the world is changing fast.  The first piece of this new framework must be to accommodate social business as an integral part of the economic structure.  AND something I realise about you sofia -like many of the greatest open space facilitators -  is unless you feel the game's language is as much you as anyone else (even yunus) you wont use compared with other stuff you are spinning (in other words I might as well spend the next 5 weeks getting on with a book than assuming we will get a gameboard brochure that is yours as much as anyone's in the world) actually one of my biggest problems is the labeling the CP12 and particularly the label that is most you which I am provisionally calling  CP11 DigiYouth Pervasive job creative culture
    the sustainability games opportunity to choose cp11 in language that unites way yunus perceives this value multiplier, the way you identify london creative labs, the way that tech wizards including tav can use technology for the poor as well and the worldwide to collaboratively create a billion jobs the big news of 2008 was the opening of the nobel museum in dhaka which tav you and I saw  - the first use of nobel name outside nordica and the fact that the nobel judge spoke to 1000 bangladeshi youth congratulating them on being in on the epicentre of digiyouth culture -the yellow nobel grameen leaflet Isabella and I have asked you and mostofa to curculate 100s of round london this is where all kazi and yunus stories on the majority of future jobs will have to be created microentrepreneurially by youth not by an education system that says if you come top of some obscure set of historical exams that now cost 250000$ for harvard to administer to you and put you in permanent debt - there will be global-down top jobs waiting for you; as kazi said even those in bangladesh that go to university find there are few jobs for them  -or as yunus says in his speech to indian parliament  LISTEN TO YUNUS IN INDIA AGAIN ON DIGIYOUTH CULTUREGrameen Bank encourages children of Grameen families to go to school.  It offers education loans to them to pursue higher education.  There are more than 42,000 students who are currently pursuing their education in medical schools, engineering schools, and universities financed by education loans from Grameen Bank.  We encourage these young people to take a pledge that they will never enter job market to seek jobs from anybody.  They'll be job-givers, not job seekers.  We explain to them that their mothers own a big bank, Grameen Bank.  It has plenty of money to finance any enterprise they wish to float—so why waste time looking for a job working for someone else?  Instead, be an employer, rather than an employee. Today, Grameen Bank is a nationwide bank serving the poor in every single village of Bangladesh.  It has 8 million borrowers, 97 per cent of whom are women.  The bank is owned by the borrowers.  Nine of the thirteen members of the board of directors are elected by the borrowers as shareholders.  Grameen Bank lends out over $ 100 million a month in collateral-free loans averaging about $ 200.  Poverty Belongs in Museums
    Every human being is born into this world fully equipped not only to take care of himself or herself, but also to contribute to the well being of the world as a whole. Some get the chance to explore their potential, but many others never get the chance to unwrap the wonderful gifts they were born with. They die with those gifts unexplored, and the world remains deprived of their contribution.

    Grameen has given me an unshakeable faith in the creativity of human beings and the firm belief that human beings are not born to suffer the misery of hunger and poverty.
    We can create a poverty-free world if we collectively believe in it—a world in which the only place you would be able to see poverty is in poverty museums. Some day, school children will be taken to visit these poverty museums.  They will be horrified to see the misery and indignity that some human beings had to go through. They will blame their ancestors for tolerating this inhuman condition for so long

    Putting Today’s Powerful Technology to Work
    The world today is in possession of amazingly powerful technology.  That technology is growing very fast, becoming more powerful every day.  Almost all of this technology is owned and controlled by profit-making businesses.  All they use this technology for is to make more money, because that is the mandate given to them by their shareholders.  Imagine what we can achieve if we use of this same technology to solve the problems of the people!

    Technology is a kind of vehicle.  One can drive it to any destination one wants.  Since the present owners of technology want to travel to the peaks of profit-making, technology takes them there.  If somebody else decides to use the existing technology to end poverty, it will take the owner in that direction. If another owner wants to use it to end diseases, technology will go there.  The choice is ours. Present theoretical framework does not give this choice. Inclusion of social business creates this choice.

    One more point to ponder – there will be no need to make an either/or choice.  Using technology for one purpose doesn’t make it less effective for serving a different purpose. Actually, it is the other way around.  The more diverse use we make of technology, the more powerful it gets.  Using technology for solving social problems will not reduce its effectiveness for money-making use, but rather enhance it.

    The owners of social businesses can direct the power of technology to solve our growing list of social and economic problems, and get quick results.
     Social business gives everybody the opportunity to participate in creating the kind of world that we all want to see.  Thanks to the concept of social business, citizens don't have to leave all problems in the hands of the government and then spend their lives criticizing the government for failing to solve them.  Now citizens have a completely new space in which to mobilize their creativity and talent for solving the problem of our time. Seeing the effectiveness of social business governments may decide to create their own social businesses or partner with citizen-run social businesses, and/or incorporate the lessons from the social businesses to improve the effectiveness of their own programmes.

    Governments will have an important role to play in the promotion of social business.  They will need to pass legislation to give legal recognition to social business and create regulatory bodies to ensure that transparency, integrity, and honesty are ensured in the social business sector.  They can also provide tax incentives for investing in social businesses as well as for social businesses themselves.
     During the current financial crisis, the falsity of the old assumption became even more visible. While big conventional banks with all their collateral were collapsing, microcredit programmes, which do not depend on collateral, continued to be as strong as ever.  Will this demonstration make the mainstream financial institutions change their minds ?  Will they finally open their doors to the poor?

    I am quite serious about this question.  When a crisis is at its deepest, it can offer a huge opportunity.  When things fall apart, that creates the opportunity to redesign, recast, and rebuild.  We should not miss this opportunity to redesign our financial institutions.  Let’s convert them into inclusive institutions.  Nobody should be refused access to financial services.  Because these services are so vital for self-realization of people, I strongly feel that credit should be given the status of a human right.
    The more time you spend among poor people, the more you become convinced that poverty is not created by poor people.  It is created by the system we have built, the institutions we have designed, the concepts we have formulated.  Poverty is an artificial, external imposition on a person.  And since it is external, it can be removed. YunusForum Social Action Business team slogan approved by yunus: impossible becomes possible when right people time place action(sofia as first anchor woman of social business ) From micropublishing world citizen collaboration entrepreneur guides since summer2006 I think you and I know darn well that youth epicentres of cp11 are around yunus (begum-islm), around you, lucknow, taddy blecher, new zealand, sanpatrigano, kenya's jamii bora, some harrison owen alumni, Eva Vertes in medicine, hopefully CSUCI LA etc though I am not sureanyone has mapped where the tech-youth epicentres (probably parts of china and bangalore) joyful new decade to you & londoners players of sustainability boardgameschris macrae 301 881 1655 isabellawm family foundation skype isabellawm Entire Education in the world must be concerned with the affairs of the age - luckNOW
      footnote on year by year since 2005 Year by year since 2005" involves  a hidden expert way because part of WCBN 1995 book on global brand partnerships is very unpopular involving forbidden questions - our practice of world class brand system theory maps Your & Our minds as neural networks of identifiers that can be changed completely if someone puts one slogan in yours that is not in mine and which is central to how you parse everything; I spent 23 years coming to this inconvenient  mapmaking conclusion both building millions of hours of interview data on social needs in 40 countries (particularly muslim women as our french-global company Novaction's main client was unilever in south asia) using the first database software (MIT's express by urban and silk) and doing early trials of how internet elearning does and doesnt work for something that pretentiously called itself the UK National Development project in Computer Assisted Learning which in those days was epicentred in leeds but has moved to Glasgow (and discussing the 1984 future history scenario book of dad's and mine which contrary to what yunus said in India’s parliament did predict the fall of the berlin wall within one quarter future accuracy However more relevantly today it forecast that worldwide sustainability would be determined by whether the world aligned around a cheerful noble prize winner in billion people tv reality shows connecting internet to search for billion of micro up jobs – chapter 6 of book I gave you and tav, and yunus back in jan 08

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